NCEP Updates Treatment Guidelines for Cholesterol
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has updated its treatment guidelines for cholesterol, suggesting that people at risk for heart attack and stroke would benefit from more intensive cholesterol-lowering therapies.
Women are at unique risk for certain nutrition-related diseases and conditions. Many of these diseases and conditions are caused by unhealthy lifestyle behaviors that may be preventable if women are given correct advice and information. To assist health professionals in educating this group about healthful eating habits and other lifestyle choices, the American Dietetic Association (ADA) and the Dietitians of Canada have released a new Position Paper on nutrition and women’s health.
Fortifying grain products with folic acid was originally intended to reduce the incidents of birth defects. Now a new study indicates that folic acid fortification may also have a considerable effect on cardiovascular disease, preventing an estimated 31,000 deaths from stoke and 17,000 deaths from heart disease each year.
According to “Boomer Coalition Reality Check: When Boomer Optimism Becomes Denial,” a new survey conducted by RoperASW on behalf of the Boomer Coalition and the American Heart Association, Baby Boomers in the United States are very aware of cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately this knowledge is not spurring them to take action to combat the disease. For example:
Only 47% of survey respondents eat a
healthy diet each day.
Only 55% exercise more than three
times each week.
Previous research has found that people who have had heart failure can benefit from exercise in hospital-based programs on equipment such as bicycle ergometers. However, Teresita Corvera-Tindel, RN, PhD, and colleagues note that this equipment might not always be available to patients. To see how patients would benefit from home-based walking regimens, they studied the impact of a progressive 12-week program.
Now there’s yet another group that benefits from exercise: people with chronic heart failure. Properly supervised exercise programs improve the survival of this population, according to new research in the January 24, 2004, issue of the British Medical Journal.
Now you can give your clients another reason to exercise. A new study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute found that cardiorespiratory fitness in early adulthood significantly decreases the chance of developing high blood pressure and diabetes—both major risk factors for heart disease and stroke—in middle age. Fitness also reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome, a constellation of factors that includes excess abdominal fat, elevated blood pressure and triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (the “good” cholesterol).
Resistance Exercise and Fat Metabolism
Melanson, E.L., et al. 2002. Resistance and aerobic exercise have similar effects on 24-hour nutrient oxidation. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34 (11), 1793-800.
The statistics about heart disease are not very heartening: Since 1918, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of mortality in the United States every single year (Hasler, Kundrat & Wool 2000). According to the American Heart Association (AHA), CVD claims the lives of nearly half of the 2.4 million Americans who die each year—almost as many lives as the next seven leading causes of death combined (AHA 2002).