The statistics about heart disease are not very heartening: Since 1918, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of mortality in the United States every single year (Hasler, Kundrat & Wool 2000). According to the American Heart Association (AHA), CVD claims the lives of nearly half of the 2.4 million Americans who die each year—almost as many lives as the next seven leading causes of death combined (AHA 2002).
Ps y c h o l o g y OF Exercise
By J i m G a v i n , Ph D, a n d Av i M a r k S p i t z e r
hat's new in the world of exercise psychology? Unlike sport psychology, which traditionally focuses on the concerns of elite athletes, exercise psychology focuses on the world of everyday mortals. Some of the core questions asked in this science include ...
Released by David Satcher, MD, PhD
U.S. Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease
November-December 2002 IDEA HEALTH & FITNESS SOURCE
Overweight and obesity have reached nationwide epidemic proportions. Both the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity and their associated health problems are important public health goals. To achi...
Gender Differences in Fat Metabolism
The incidence of obesity in the United States is on the rise. Approximately 20 percent (%) of U.S. adult females and 19% of U.S. adult males are currently obese (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2002). Why?
Primarily because, for most individuals, energy intake constantly exceeds energy expenditure. According to Blair and Nichaman...
preventing and correcting
excessive lumbar lordosis
tall, self-conscious 12-year-old girl slumps forward in a futile attempt to camouflage her height. As she grows older, her round-shouldered posture causes her pectoral muscles to shorten, leading to muscle imbalance. An athlete who exhibits excessive hyperextension of the spine when performing the straight-leg raises recommended by his coach ove...
By Michael Youssouf, MA, and Mitchell Charap, MD
Despite advances in care, AIDS cases are still on the rise. Learn how fitness professionals can modify training programs to assist clients in different stages of this disease.
TRAINING CLIENTS WITH HIV OR AIDS
made life more manageable for people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the incidence of...
A Review of the Impact of Exercise on Cholesterol Levels
WHY HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN, OR HDL, CHOLESTEROL LEVELS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH A REDUCED RISK
OF HEART DISEASE--AND HOW EXERCISE CAN HELP.
ecently, the National Institutes of Health issued new criteria for the detection, categorization and treatment of unhealthy cholesterol levels (American Medical Association 2001). As a result of...
Water Exercise for Seniors Improves Living on Land
BY M ARY E. SANDERS, M S
Why aquatic fitness programs help older adults exercise in a safe environment.
Research shows that physical activity plays an important role in maintaining health into older adulthood. And among older adults themselves, exercise has been linked to reductions in premature mortality, functional decline, disability and...
Working With ClientsWith
How fitness professionals can use exercise to enhance quality of life in seniors afflicted with this form of dementia.
While advances in medicine have extended our average life expectancy, many of the diseases associated with aging continue to challenge the scientific community. Chief among these is Alzheimer's disease (AD), which primarily ...
B Y J E F F R E Y M . J A N OT, M S, A N D L E N K R AV I T Z , P H D
Maxim izing Functional Abilities in the Older Adult
A research review comparing the benefits of resistance versus cardiovascular training.
What is the biggest challenge facing our nation's health care system in this new century?
Some might guess it is finding a cure for ravaging diseases, such as cancer, or meeting the l...