The search for ways to enhance performance and muscle growth through dietary manipulation is not new. Questions abound regarding the optimal amounts of protein, carbohydrate and fat needed to boost performance, while nutrition recommendations based on training goals are plentiful...
Just pick up a recent trade magazine and you are almost sure to read about a new exercise program that will accelerate the rate at which you burn fat after you complete a workout. Although this promise is enticing to the exerciser seeking optimal weight loss, rarely is there any scientific evidence validating a particular workout’s postexercise capability to “incinerate fat.”
With all the hype today about protein being the most vital nutrient for athletes
(not true, by the way), many athletes
are beginning to look at carbohydrates
differently. The truth is, carbohydrates play an essential role in the diet because they are a key source of energy and provide the glucose necessary to replace the glycogen lost during training and competition.
Our quest for knowledge regarding body composition and how it affects our propensity for disease and overall health has intensified in recent years, driven in large part by the desire to better understand health concerns and risk of disability associated with obesity (Goodpaster 2002). Indeed, research has focused not only on absolute measures of fat and fat-free mass but also on how the distribution of these affects our risk of conditions such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke and cancer, to name a few.
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