physical activity and fitness for persons with disabilities
By Janet A. Seaman, PhD
A Paradigm Shift Historically, the approach to physical activity for people with disabilities has been couched in medical rationale and focused on rehabilitation. Whereas physical education (physical training) has been a part of school curriculum for nearly 100 years, the original orientation was to supplement ...
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Getting the Most From Cardio Equipment
Whether you exercise frequently on cardiovascular equipment or you are just starting to use it, these tips from Gregory Florez, president of First Fitness Inc. in Salt Lake City, Utah, will help you maximize your workouts. If you have questions, consult with a personal trainer or a staff member at your fitn...
Expert tips on maintaining health and fitness
Interval Training for All
o you want to increase your fitness level? Then interval training, also known as interval conditioning, may be for you. Douglas Brooks, MS, co-owner of Moves International and author of Program Design for Personal Trainers, describes how to use this method no matter how fit you are. If you have questions or w...
There’s a long-standing debate about whether order matters when combining cardiovascular exercise and strength training in a single session. Is it best, for example, to hit the treadmill before or after heading to the weight room? Researchers from the University of Jyväskylä, in Finland, believe they have the answer.
A lot of people do concurrent training— cardio and strength training within the same session—because it seems to achieve multiple goals at the same time. It’s also a proven fat-burner, making it a popular choice for general fitness.
Developing a thorough understanding of coronary artery disease (CAD) can help fitness professionals fight one of the world’s deadliest diseases.
How deadly? For starters, CAD is the leading cause of death around the world, accounting for 13.2% of all deaths in 2012 (WHO 2014a). It kills almost 380,000 Americans every year (CDC 2014a). Exercise professionals can do something about these statistics by designing fitness programs that reduce CAD risk factors in clients while improving their quality of life.
Some of us call it “afterburn”—the elevated calorie burning that lasts long after exercise is over. The scientific literature defines it as excess postexercise oxygen consumption, or EPOC (see Figure 1).
For the most part, EPOC represents the body restoring itself from physiological variables elevated by exercise. EPOC is an important physiological phenomenon for fitness professionals because it can play a contributing role in weight management.
High-intensity interval training has been riding a wave of popularity, and it seems everyone wants to give it a try. However, intense interval training is nothing new. Group fitness instructors have been teaching HIIT for a long time. Fartlek training, for example, was big in the 1970s. The 1980s brought us high-impact classes, and the 1990s introduced indoor cycling (think repeat hill training). HIIT is a fantastic workout and an effective way to train energy systems; build muscle; lose weight; enhance strength, power and agility; and prevent adaptation.
Five small-group training experts answer questions about this burgeoning trend. Topics include working simultaneously with clients at different skill levels; training people with special needs (whether they are athletes or clients with disabilities); handling no-shows; and teaching warm-ups.
newsletter_teaser: Five small-group training experts answer questions about this burgeoning trend. Topics include working simultaneously with clients at different skill levels; training people with special needs (whether they are athletes or clients with disabilities); handling no-shows; and teaching warm-ups.
OTS Indicator Checklist
Personal trainers are encouraged to use this OTS Indicator Checklist to help identify or prevent OTS in clients. Although this list was developed from scientific research, there currently is no research consensus on how many of these factors must be present (and to what degree) to confirm OTS.
PERFORMANCE AND FATIGUE INDICATORS
These may be symptoms of OTS: