By Janet Weller, RN
Maximum Heart Rate Formula: Missing the Mark?
Recent studies point to shortcomings in the common calculation method, especially for young and older adults.
hile for 30 years the fitness industry has relied on the formula 220 minus age (plus or minus 10 percent) to determine maximum heart rate, most trainers have seen clients whose numbers simply did not match...
By Carrie Myers Smith
Postmastectomy clientele need personal trainer expertise and specific exercises to restore their vital function and reinforce self-confidence.
ccording to the American Cancer Society, this year an estimated 192,000 women will be diagnosed with new cases of breast cancer. Almost all of these women will undergo some form of breast surg...
Taking Clients to the Next Level of Concentration
How to use specific and effective mental techniques to improve performance during all components of an exercise session, from warm-up to cool-down.
wouldn't it be exciting if your students could be more focused all of the time? Most regular exercisers know that mental preparation is essential to improving
Y T O M S
ouldn't it be awesome if yo...
By Debra Wein, MS, RD
CRP and Cardiovascular Disease
racking your total cholesterol level is a good way to assess your risk of coronary heart disease. But is it enough? Despite progress in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, a significant number of first cardiovascular events occur among individuals without traditional risk factors, such as total cholesterol above 200 or L...
B Y J E F F R E Y M . J A N OT, M S, A N D L E N K R AV I T Z , P H D
Maxim izing Functional Abilities in the Older Adult
A research review comparing the benefits of resistance versus cardiovascular training.
What is the biggest challenge facing our nation's health care system in this new century?
Some might guess it is finding a cure for ravaging diseases, such as cancer, or meeting the l...
physical activity and fitness for persons with disabilities
By Janet A. Seaman, PhD
A Paradigm Shift Historically, the approach to physical activity for people with disabilities has been couched in medical rationale and focused on rehabilitation. Whereas physical education (physical training) has been a part of school curriculum for nearly 100 years, the original orientation was to supplement ...
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Getting the Most From Cardio Equipment
Whether you exercise frequently on cardiovascular equipment or you are just starting to use it, these tips from Gregory Florez, president of First Fitness Inc. in Salt Lake City, Utah, will help you maximize your workouts. If you have questions, consult with a personal trainer or a staff member at your fitn...
Expert tips on maintaining health and fitness
Interval Training for All
o you want to increase your fitness level? Then interval training, also known as interval conditioning, may be for you. Douglas Brooks, MS, co-owner of Moves International and author of Program Design for Personal Trainers, describes how to use this method no matter how fit you are. If you have questions or w...
High-intensity interval training has been riding a wave of popularity, and it seems everyone wants to give it a try. However, intense interval training is nothing new. Group fitness instructors have been teaching HIIT for a long time. Fartlek training, for example, was big in the 1970s. The 1980s brought us high-impact classes, and the 1990s introduced indoor cycling (think repeat hill training). HIIT is a fantastic workout and an effective way to train energy systems; build muscle; lose weight; enhance strength, power and agility; and prevent adaptation.
Developing a thorough understanding of coronary artery disease (CAD) can help fitness professionals fight one of the world’s deadliest diseases.
How deadly? For starters, CAD is the leading cause of death around the world, accounting for 13.2% of all deaths in 2012 (WHO 2014a). It kills almost 380,000 Americans every year (CDC 2014a). Exercise professionals can do something about these statistics by designing fitness programs that reduce CAD risk factors in clients while improving their quality of life.