Individuals with a thin physical appearance take heed: Health is much more than skin deep. A study done at the Medical Research Council in Cambridge, England, discovered that some individuals who appear to have low body fat may actually be at high risk for health problems. The study is published in Nature Genetics (2011; 43, 753–60). The scientists analyzed the genetic code of more than 75,000 people to single out genes associated with lower body fat percentage. They located a gene—IRS1—that seemed to be linked with lower subcutaneous body fat.
A recent study published online ahead of print in the Journal of Clinical Nursing (2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1365-27022011.03739.x) uncovered troubling evidence that children as young as age 10 engage in self-induced vomiting in order to lose weight. The survey included 15,716 Taiwanese boys and girls aged 10–18 from 120 schools. Each participant was asked to complete a survey that included questions on topics such as physical activity, diet, sleep, sedentary behavior and self-induced vomiting and dietary behaviors. School nurses then measured each student’s height and body weight.
Eating disorders and disordered eating already comprise very complex sets of thoughts and behaviors. Past studies have shown that women and girls are most vulnerable. Can exposure to media such as Facebook make young girls even more susceptible?
In a recent survey of 16,000 Glamour magazine readers, 40% of respondents expressed discontent with their bodies. However, the good news is that simply engaging in regular exercise—regardless of body changes—has been linked to improvement in self-assessment.
Overweight teens, and teens who view themselves as overweight, may be at heightened risk of attempting suicide, stated a recent study. Published online
in the Journal of Adolescent Health (doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.03.006), the study analyzed BMI, perceived weight and suicide attempts among more than 14,000 high-school students. “Our findings show that both perceived and actual overweight increase risk for suicide attempt,” stated lead study author Monica Swahn, PhD. The
results held true for both boys and girls.
For patients with anorexia nervosa [AN], the idea of regaining weight can be terrifying. In a small study published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders (2008; 41, 728–33), researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill sought to determine whether relaxation therapy might help.
Take a generally anxious person and raise him/her in a complicated family and confidence-quashing peer/school environment. Immerse her in a media-driven, perfectionist and competitive culture. Ten years later ...
In a previous issue of Inner IDEA Body-Mind-Spirit Review, we asked: How would you deal with a client who exhibits body dysmorphic behavior? “When I read this it really hit home. I am a trainer who trains only women..."
If one of your clients had an eating disorder, would you
recognize it? If so, what would you do?
In a recent survey, 32% of fitness professionals correctly
indicated that a fictitious client, described in a case scenario, had anorexia
nervosa. Another 21% suspected an eating disorder, but felt that either it
would be outside their ...
Women who accept their bodies the way they are seem to be more likely to follow principles of healthy eating, new research shows. The findings suggest that women’s typical reasons for changing their diet—a dissatisfaction with their bodies—may backfire, said Tracy Tylka, co-author of the studies and assistant professor of psychology at Ohio State University’s Marion campus.