Pilates training effectively improved core strength, posture and shoulder stabilization in a study published in Clinical Biomechanics (2009; doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.10.003). Researchers from the department of kinesiology and physical education
at McGill University, Montreal, conducted the small study, which included 19 healthy male and female subjects with no prior Pilates training—10 experimental group members and nine control group members.
According to the Arthritis Today website (www.arthritistoday.org), 225,900 hip replacement surgeries were performed in the U.S. in 2004; this was an increase of 37% from 2000. If trends continue, that number will reach 600,000 in the year 2015. In order to regain strength and mobility, many surgery patients may seek the guidance of qualified fitness professionals.
The word posture tends to evoke the image of a schoolgirl standing perfectly erect with a book on her head. More accurately, static posture refers to the way in which a person holds his or her body or assumes certain positions, such as sitting, standing or sleeping. The cumulative effect of the time spent in certain positions can lead to prolonged static-posture damage to both the musculoskeletal and myofascial systems of the body.
Exercise professionals regularly exclaim the benefits of exercise for maintaining and improving bone mineral density and bone health. They describe the benefits of gravitational weight-bearing exercise (i.e., ground-impact activities, such as walking, running and jumping) and muscle-loading activities, such as weight training. However, scientists are currently debating which exercise intervention provides more beneficial bone health adaptations.
“Runner’s knee” is a term that describes a painful and sometimes debilitating ailment of the knee present in a quarter of active people. The condition is often associated with runners, but anyone who participates in activities requiring knee bending can become affected. The exact cause of runner’s knee—otherwise known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS)—has remained a mystery. According to research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, that mystery may now be solved.
Women: You’re not usually complimented on how great your bones look, but bone fitness is important to keep you strong and to prevent osteoporosis. What can you do to enhance your bone health? Get the skinny on this topic from Jason R. Karp, PhD, owner of RunCoachJason
.com, director and coach of REVO2LT Running Team, a freelance writer and a competitive runner.
When you were young, you probably heard the jingle “The knee bone’s connected to the thigh bone; the thigh bone’s connected to the hip bone; the hip bone’s connected to the back bone . . .” That ditty could go on for some time, since there are 206 bones in the human body—from the large, thick femur that spans the length of your thigh to the tiny, thin stapes, a stirrup-shaped bone that transmits sound inside your ear. Your skull alone has 22 bones (no wonder my mother keeps telling me I have a hard head!).
Abdominal training has always been a focal point for trainers and participants. In this InTensive, we look at the function of the abdominal and related core muscles in their role as key postural muscles and the center of power. Learn how to determine in which stage your client should be training. Walk away with take-home ideas for core training, all based on a systematic four-step progression model. Additional fee required for this class. See page 40 for more information.
IDEA presenter Chuck Wolf, MS, director of Human Motion Associates in Orlando, Florida, believes current methods for addressing thoracic kyphosis (aka upper-cross syndrome) may be missing a crucial element. “Historically, the fitness industry has addressed the kyphotic client by stretching the pectorals, abdominals, hip flexors and shoulder complex while strengthening the rhomboids, trapezius and erector spinae musculature,” says Wolf. “This approach, though prudent, looks at the symptoms and not the cause of the problem.”
You can probably remember studying for
your certification exam: What is the difference between a strain and a sprain?
a tendon and a ligament? an artery and a vein? the sympathetic and the
parasympathetic nervous systems? After the exam was over, you probably used or
heard these words yet forgot the exact medical definitions, the precise
functions or even the distin...